Historic Landmarks

Architectural and Historical Sites

Valenciana´s Church and Mine. The church is from the 18th century built in Mexican Churrigueresque style; it has three very large altarpieces, all covered in gold leaf. The mine was the richest mine in Guanajuato and is still in operation today.  It supplied enough silver to sponsor the spanish empire, and its colonies. Other important mines were Mineral de la Luz and Real de Santa Ana.

El Pípila Statue,  is a 28-meter tall statue of the Independence hero, Juan José  de los Reyes Martínez, also known as El Pípila, who wore a stone slab on his back to protect himself while burning the Spanish troops in the Alhóndiga (granary) in September 1810.  There is a funicular (cable car) just behind Teatro Juárez that takes you to this place. The view is particularly beautiful at night.

Teatro Juárez (Juárez Theatre), is one of Mexico's most impressive theaters.  It´s construction started in 1872 following a Neoclassical style with a moorish twist, and lavish interiors.  It was inaugurated in 1903 by President Porfirio Díaz, and it is a testimony to the wealth originated from the mines.

La Presa de la Olla (Dam of la Olla) inaugurated in 1749, was built to create a reservoir to provide the city with a constant supply of water. Built around it, are the old summer houses of Guanajuato.  At this place you can rent a little boat, or visit a nearby park surrounded by the beautiful mountains.  The area is ideal for a quite break and a nice walk.

Museums

La Alhóndiga De Granaditas, was an old grain storage built from 1798 to 1809 during Colonial Guanajuato.  It was created to replace an old granary near the city's river. Nowadays is Guanajuato´s History Museum.

Casa-Museo de Gene Byron, used to be the home of this Canadian born artist, built in one of Guanajuato´s old silver Haciendas. This Museum offers art workshops, and Sunday afternoon concerts that range from Baroque music to jazz.

Diego Rivera's House Museum, is the birthplace of the famous Mexican muralist Diego Rivera. It´s a traditional Mexican residence that houses Rivera's personal collection of his own artwork.

Don Quixote Iconographic Museum, is a museum dedicated to the image of Don Quijote, showcasing local art and donations.

Olga Costa/Chávez Morado Museum is located in the grounds of a XVII century hacienda and was the house of renowned artists Olga Costa and José Chávez Morado (contemporary of Diego Rivera).  It has  an incredible art collection and picturesque grounds.

Ex-Hacienda de San Gabriel de Barrera Museum & Gardens. It is an magnificent colonial home built at the end of the 17th century. It is located outside of Guanajuato, and it is currently a museum with a variety of exquisite gardens.

Mummy Museum (Museo de las Momias)  In 1865 due to a local tax imposed requiring relatives to pay a fee to keep their family members interred, and many of them unable or unwilling to pay, 90% bodies were disinterred finding that 2% had been naturally mummified because of the characteristics of the soil. In 2007 the museum was redesigned.

Del Pueblo Museum is a fascinating art museum founded in 1979 which displays an exquisite collection of Mexican miniatures (exemplary of the extraordinary artisanal dexterity and Mexican workmanship); along with 18th and 19th century art plus temporary exhibitions and paintings by Bustos and José Chávez Morado.  

 

Archeological Sites

Peralta. The region was initially settled around 100 AD.  The center occupied about 130 hectares of land and was home to many structures, of which 22 pyramids have been identified.  A multitude of terraced agricultural fields supported the Population.  Peralta is located just outside the village of San José Peralata, in Abasolo, Guanajuato.

Plazuelas. This prehispanic site was built over an artificial plateau and is dominated by a large, rectangular plaza with several pyramidal structures and platforms, along with a massive ball court. To the north of the structures is a field of boulders with thousands of glyphs carved into them. Plazuelas lies about 10 km West of the city of Pénjamo, Guanajuato.

Cañada de la Virgen. This is an Otomí site discovered in 1998. It has seven enormous pyramidal structures of different sizes and styles, that form sunken patios, squares, a game of ball, esplanades, and a 1 km long road. It lies about 16 km Southwest of the city of San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato.

El Cóporo. This prehispanic settlement was formed by a number of villages around the Hill. Researchers have identified three archaeological spaces, called neighborhoods: an area considered ceremonial; in the bottom, Gotas and Montes neighborhoods, with platforms, and along the Valley housing units. This site lies on the hill tops and slopes of Sierra de Santa Barbara, near San José del Torreón, 13 km away from the city of Ocampo, Guanajuato.